The Brahman is mainly used for breeding and the meat industry. It has been crossbred extensively with Bos taurus (European) beef breeds of cattle. It has been used to develop numerous other U.S. beef breeds including Brangus, Beefmaster, Simbrah and Santa Gertrudis.
Sahiwal cattle are a breed of zebu cow, named after an area in the Punjab region, which is divided between Pakistan and India, where the cattle is found. Sahiwal is considered a heat-tolerant cattle breed.
Steer, also called bullock, young neutered male cattle primarily raised for beef. In the terminology used to describe the sex and age of cattle, the male is first a bull calf and if left intact becomes a bull; if castrated he becomes a steer and about two or three years grows to an ox. Males retained for beef production are usually castrated to make them more docile on the range or in feedlots.